Caracals (Caracal caracal) are a unique species of cat that inhabit norther Africa, the Arbaian peninsula, and southwestern Asia. One of the most striking features of caracals is their long, tufted ears. They stand straight up and are fringed with long black fur. The fur that covers the back and body of the caracal consists of short red-brown fur. The fur on the caracal's belly, throat, and chin is white.
Caracals are nocturnal carnivores that stalk their prey. They feed on birds, rodents, and small antelopes. They occasionally cache some of their prey in the forks of trees or hide it in dense shrubbery for later feeding. Caracals are also known to kill poultry and are considered a nuisance by poultry farmers.
Caracals inhabit woodlands, savannahs and scrub forests. They build their dens in abandoned porcupine burrows or within crevaces in rocks.
- Mass: 13 to 19 kg (average)
- Body Length: 60-100 cm
- Tail Length: 23-31 cm
- Diet: carnivores (birds, mammals)
- Breeding Season: year round
- Sexual Maturity: 456 days
- Gestation: 78-81 days
- Number of Offspring: 1-6
- Time to Weaning: 65-175 days
- Predators: humans
- Habitat: woodlands, savanahs, scrub forests
- Geographical Range: northern Africa, Arabian peninsula, southwest Asia
Range and Habitat:
The range of caracals includes northern Africa, Arabian peninsula, southwest Asia.
Shefferly, N. 2002. Caracal caracal
(On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed May 04, 2009